"Excerpts; Letters Attorney Homer Jones to Colonel Doctor Gordon V. Walker Past President Sons of The American Revolution), Chesnut Family Descendants." "Excerpt From: Letter, Homer Jones to Gordon Walker, Dated February 17,1955" Mrs. Spilman did state that she had a D.A.R. line on John Chesnut who served at Valley Forge 1777 under Colonel John Gibson. I am eager to know whether or not that was the John Chesnut who died in Knox County, Kentucky, in 1805, and further, Was he the brother of William Chesnut who, according to Mrs. P.W. Hiden (Tylers, Volume XXIV, Page 139) died in Augusta or Rockingham County, Virginia, in 1802, and I have been inclined to believe that he was the son of the John who died in the same county in 1805. "Excerpt From: Letter, Homer Jones to Gordon Walker, Dated February 9, 1955" Paragraph # 3 Mrs. Stoll was descended from William Chesnut through his son Jacob, who married Dorcas Langley, although as you may know she is erroneously shown as being a descendent of John Chesnut, in "The Compendium of American Genealogy, Volume VII, Page 415". John did have a son Jacob, but he was not the one who married Dorcas Langley. "Excerpt From: Letter, Homer Jones to Gordon Walker, Date February 23, 1955" Paragraph # 2 I quote the first part of Deed Book A, Page 8, public records of Laurel County, Kentucky: "This indenture made the 16th day of September 1825 between William Chesnut, Samuel Chesnut and Rachel his wife, Benjamin Chesnut and his wife Vina, Jesse McFadden and his wife Ruth (late Ruth Chesnut), Edmond Chesnut and his wife Hannah, Jacob Chesnut and his wife Dorcas, Peter Weaver and his wife Anne (late Anne Chesnut), and Chapman Watkins and Sally his wife, relict of William Chesnut Dec'd of the one part, and William H. McKee of the other part, all of the county of Knox and State of Kentucky, Witnesseth, that the said heirs of William Chesnut Decd." etc. The words "Chapman Watkins and Sally his wife, relict of William Chesnut Decd." were repeated later on in the text, which was personally copied by me during the search of the records at London, Kentucky. Later I requested a certified copy by mail, which showed it in each place as "Chapman Watkins and his Sally his wife, relatives of William Chesnut Deceased". I am going to have it corrected on my next trip to London, which I expect to be during the late spring or summer. The 1850 census record of Laurel County includes the following. With respect to the Family of Jacob and Dorcas. The marriage records of Knox County, Kentucky, disclose that Jacob Chesnut and Dorcas Langley were married by William Hopper on 11-23-1823. the same records disclose that Chapman Watkins and Sally Chesnut were married by Alexander Stewart, J.P. on 11-11-1807. Stephen Chesnut married Ann Walters on 1-10-1856, bondsman Pleasant Walters. The tax rolls of Knox County, Kentucky show that William Chesnut had 400 acres in Knox as early as 1801, Water course "Laurel", original survey in the name of John Tolbert. In 1802 the following Chesnut's were on the tax roll of Knox County, Kentucky: Jacob, 200 acres, Laurel, John Tolbert; John Sr.., 500 acres, Laurel, John Tolbert; Abraham, 100 acres, Laurel, John Tolbert; John Jr., 300 acres, Laurel, John Tolbert; William, 300 acres, Laurel, John Tolbert. In 1803 William was missing from the tax rolls, and in his place was Sarah, 250 acres, Laurel, John Tolbert. In 1805 additions to the tax roll were Benjamin, 400 acres; Benjamin, 200 acres, Samuel (no acres) 1 horse (Samuel shown as between 16 and 21 years of age ). I am confident that the Jacob, Abraham, and John Jr. who were old enough to be on the tax roll in 1802 were sons of John Sr. Census records show that each of these three were between 26 and 45 in 1810, which means that they were born between 1765 and 1784. Nancy Chesnut married Sven Irven Adams in Knox County on 6-4-1807, and I believe that she also was the daughter of John Sr. A Patience Chesnut married Thomas Blakely Jr. in Knox county, Kentucky 12-16-1824, bondsman John Chesnut, and she could have been either the daughter of John Jr. or the widow of his father. I am not yet convinced that Sarah and Patience were the first wives of William and John. as a matter of fact, the 1830 census record shows that the wife of Chapman Watkins was between 40 and 50, which means she was born between 1780 and 1790, and was approximately the same age as William's son Samuel. I am convinced that Sarah was the mother of my great grandfather Edmond, and also mother of the Jacob who married Dorcas Langley. Another bit of suggestive evidence is that in 1845 in Laurel County, Kentucky Jacob and Dorcas Chesnut conveyed land to Edmond Chesnut, a natural transaction for two brothers. Incidentally, the letter to you from John Chesnut of Danville, Kentucky in which he names Benjamin, Ed, and Jacob as son of the son of John Chesnut, is interesting in that the same three were named in a letter from Mrs. C.O. Stuckenbruck, 215 West Washington Street, Lake City, Iowa, who states that her Chesnut line is as follows: (1) John; (2) Jacob ( children Abraham, George W., Anne, Ruth, Stephen and John); (3) Abraham, born 1-11-1800, (married Charlotte Somers Hiatt); (4) Benjamin, (wife Dorcas Colyer); (5) Granville Richard (wife Juliana Graybeal); (6) Olivia, (husband C.O. Struckenbruck). I examined the records in North Carolina, and reached the conclusion that, that line was started by two (or possibly 3) pioneers from the Isle of Wight County, Virginia, who migrated to My father was born in Laurel County, Kentucky in 1868. He was the son of a Baptist minister, Reverend Isaac Thomas Jones whose wife was Sarah Chesnut (daughter of Edmond Chesnut and Hannah Ferguson). Reverend I.T. removed to Boyle County about 1885 and died in 1891. I know that an opinion will not be of much comfort to you at the present time, but I'll venture one, anyway. I believe William Chesnut who died in Knox County, Kentucky in 1802/03 was the son of John Chesnut who died in 1805. He was not named in John Chesnut's will because he had predeceased him. I believe that William was a relatively young man, born about 1760. His son Edmond my ancestor was born in 1797, and Jacob was born in 1801, not long before William's death. If this conjecture should turn out to be true, then the only thing wrong with your S.A.R. is that there is a generation left out. I almost made this mistake of filling out a supplemental application on John Chesnut, but delayed to seek better evidence that he was the son of William who transferred land to him in Augusta county in 1772. After that I found the records in Laurel County, Kentucky which was cut out partly from Knox County, Kentucky after execution of the deed in Book A, Page 8 and before it was recorded. I might state that the original Tax rolls are on file in the Kentucky State Historical Society in Frankfort. I did not examine them back of 1801, as I recall they were out of place and I was in a hurry. I am not now certain that I found all of them for 1801. P.S. Oh yes, I failed to state that Luke Watkins was one of the witnesses to the conveyance signed by the children (and their spouses) and the widow of William Chesnut, dated 9-16-1825. "Excerpt From: Letter, Homer Jones to Gordon Walker, Dated March 5,1955" Paragraph # 3 Please excuse me if I seem to correct you again. You show that the first wife of William Chesnut ( father of John and William ) was Catherine Callahan, and that his second wife was Mary Sophia- . Tylers, Volume. XXIV, Page 139 _ , has a genealogy of the Hiden Family, compiled by Mrs. P.W. Hiden, and accomplished genealogies, from which the following excerpts are copied: "Joshua 12 Hiden was born probably in Fauquier County and died in Augusta County on February 27, 1869 near Cross Keys, age 86 years and six months, son of Richard and Catherine Hyden (Vital Statistics Augusta County). This would be the place where he spent his youth we do not know, but he probably was in Augusta by 1795 as on February 2, 1796 he married Martha Chesnut of that County. "A few notes on her ancestry may be given at this point. In 1762 (Chalkley Volume. 3, Page 392 ) Nicholas Green of Culpeper sold to William Chesnut 400 acres; in 1772 William Chesnut conveyed land to his son John, and in 1773, 58 « acres to William Jr. (Ibid page 525 ). A William Chesnut, probably William Senior about 1788, as on September 16, 1788 his widow Sophia qualified as administratrix of his estate (Ibid Volume. 1,Page 255). William Jr. married (1) Catherine, Daughter of Daniel Callahan, who had lived on an adjoining Plantation (Ibid Volume. 3, Page 932 ) but had either moved or been cut off into Rockingham County (formed 1778 from Augusta). On April 27, 1779 (Ibid Volume. 2, Page 365 ) the Court of Rockingham County ordered that he receive his proportionate part of the estate of Daniel Callahan for his four children in right of their mother Catherine, daughter of said Callahan, and late wife of said Chesnut. Daniel had died intestate and his son Charles had been appointed administrator (Ibid Volume. 3, Page 364. William Chesnut married 2nd Jean -- who survived him (Ibid Volume 3, Page 228 ) with a large family. The marriages of his children were as follows: Jane Chesnut and William Palmer 1-11-1790 John Chesnut and Ann Palmer 5-22-1790 Mary Chesnut and Phillip Smith 8-21-1792 Martha Chesnut and Joshua Hyden 2-2-1796 Ann (Nancy) and Augustine Harlow 7-17-1798 William Chesnut and Mary Gold 3-26-1802 Isabella Chesnut and Jacob Moore 2-21-1809 We have no data about his daughters Elly and Sarah named in his will (Ibid Volume. 3, Page 228 ). According to the 1850 census Martha wife of Joshua Hiden was then 72, hence born about 1778; She died between 1850-1859. The records of Rockingham County, which I copied from some book relating to that county, include the following marriages. 1782 William Blain and Margaret Chesnut (daughter of William ) 1786 Tom Woodward and Elizabeth Chesnut (orphan of William) 1790 Dan Chesnut and Isabella Blain (daughter of John) 1795 Charles Chesnut and Elizabeth Robertson (daughter of John). In Volume II of Chalkey, Page 369 there is an entry "1783, February 27, William Chestnut's Will Proved". He probably was the one named as father of Margaret and Elizabeth above, and probably was the husband of Sophia. The year 1788 is usually shown as the year of his death, probably for the reasons that probate of his estate appears to have been delayed until then, or at least his widow was not named administratrix until 1788. With respect to the above Dan Chesnut who married Isabella Blain see Encyclopedia of American Biography Augusta-Rockingham Volume 13, Page 295. Another note I have not yet had the time to explore: The History of Highland County (Virginia), Page 273-4, Shows a John Chesnut who had a son William who married Sarah A, Malcomb of Bath County. Other Children of this John Chesnut were; Jennie married Dyer Byrd: Joseph married Eliza Nottingham of Pocahontas; John married Elizabeth Hiner; Thomas married - - Kirkpatrick; Mary married Joseph Nottingham (brother of Elizabeth ). To answer one question in your letter, The early tax rolls of Knox County, and most other counties, are in the Kentucky Historical Society at Frankfort. Another question, I have the address of the East Tennessee Historical Society, Lawson McGhee Library, Knoxville (2) Tennessee, which was most cooperative in assisting me with another family line. I am still more than confident that John (d. 1805) and William (d.1802/3) were very closely related. Oh yes, another question in your letter: I have lived in Danville and was acquainted with her father, George W. Chesnut. The pedigree in Virkus prompted me to write her. "Excerpt From: Letter, Homer Jones to Gordon Walker, Dated March 21, 1955" Paragraph # 5 Permit me to make a suggestion or two, In any further research on the Chesnut Family. In 1799 when Knox County, Kentucky, was formed it extended to the Tennessee line, Adjacent to what become Clairborne County, Tennessee in 1801, And Campbell County, Tennessee in 1806. Before the disputed Kentucky - Tennessee line was settled about 1820, many people who lived near the line are listed in the wrong State. That situation of course suggest the advisability of checking on both sides of the State line; An almost identical situation exists with respect to Madison County, Kentucky. I found some of Knox County, Kentucky ancestors in Madison County, Kentucky at an earlier date than in Knox. The lines were "fluid", and often people did not know in what county the resided. Furthermore, William Chesnut's son Samuel married Rachel Gum in Madison County on 12-9-1807. Samuel may have been the oldest son, Although it is possible that William (Jr.) was older than he. William Chesnut was on the tax list for 1801, and his land has been entered in the name of John Tolbert, the same as the land of Jacob, John Sr., Abraham, John Jr., and William, for 1802, indicating that his land was in the same general locality, on Laurel River, as the others named, and they definitely were sons of John Chesnut (the first). I am becoming more certain, day by day, that William Chesnut was Johns son. Concerning the 1850 census, I have a work sheet headed first Knox, then Clay written faintly over it, Showing John, In summary, I am inclined to believe that on one of William Chesnut's sons, Samuel, was old enough to be listed in the 1810 census. I do know that Edmond was born 1797 ( 53 in 1850 ) and Jacob in 1801. Further I consider it most probable that Samuel was his son by wife earlier than Sarah (who married 2nd Chapman Watkins), and Ruth who married Jesse McFadden in 1808 may have been Samuel's full sister. His son William, I have no idea as to age, but cannot identify him in any census, He (William Jr.) was unmarried in 1825. Did I say that I found Jacob Chesnut in the 1810 Knox County census? If I did I was in error> I did find him on earlier tax rolls. These tax rolls, which are filed in the Historical Society in Frankfort, are the best approach to determine " who was where and when". I examined the deed records in Lincoln County, and did not find the name Chesnut mentioned even once, which means that before 1799 they were not in what become Knox County that year. Therefore, Madison, Nelson, and Washington Counties offer the best promise for years prior to 1799, and Clay County offer promise beginning with 1806, plus some consideration to the Tennessee borders. And don't overlook "Tennessee Cousins" for any Tennessee Families, particularly Eastern and Middle. He sketched one "Hawkins County Chesnut Family headed by Henry Chesnut", who had a John born 1802 ( married a Regan ). Henry was a lieutenant in the Tennessee Militia (about 1810 I believe). "Excerpts From: Letter, Homer Jones to Gordon Walker, Dated March 31, 1955" Paragraph # 4, Line 3 With respect to your P.S. Regarding Jacob, son of John, I am enclosing copy of a memorandum received from Mr. Stuckenbruck, which may contain more information, and you will note that it shows "Jacob's son Abraham born January 11, 1800", which pretty well indicates that her Jacob was John's son. Earlier, I thought she may have complied her pedigree with the wrong Jacob. At the moment I Feel like a slacker, you doing all the work in Kentucky, but I'll try to make it up later, especially if you are interested in taking the line back as far as possible. I have had a lot of experience and success with records relating to England, Wales, Scotland, and Ireland. I have reached the conclusion there is truth in the tradition prevalent in some branches of the Chesnut family to the effect that the family name in Ireland was Sarsfield. Sarsfield was a landed gentry family, of considerable note, and I have found where Patrick Sarsfield did settle in what is now Cambria County, Pennsylvania, where I also discovered a record of some very early Chesnut's. Common names in the Sarsfield Family were William, John, and Edmond". Paragraph # 8 I certainly would like to have your nation number as soon as you submit your line. I hope to submit a number of supplementals soon, and would be pleased to include the Chesnut line. I have one father-Son line, and would like to have one for the Chesnut's, but as certain that John's father William was too old to serve as a soldier. I believe he was born about 1710. I also believe that he was a brother of Alexander (died Frederick County, Virginia 1749 ); David (died in South Carolina in 1778); and James (father of John born 1743 settled in South Carolina). With Respect to the last, James, I have some documentary evidence indicating that Alexander died 1749 was the father of John who was born 1743 and his brother James, and their sister, I believe her name was Margaret writing from memory , which is in conflict with records of that family. Another brother may have been John, born 1715, of Pennsylvania. Excerpt From: Letter, Homer Jones to Gordon Walker, Dated, November 12, 1955 Paragraph # 3 My recent work on the Chesnut line has been in the direction of determining the parentage and other ancestry of William ( d. 1783) and his wife Sophia. As you know , the South Carolina branch of the Chestnut's, headed by John (b. 1743 ), Claim that his father was James and his mother Margaret (she married 2nd Jasper Sutton); That James was the second generation in Virginia; And that the name in Ireland was Sarsfield, A landed gentry family of considerable note. A family plantation in South Carolina was named Sarsfield. I have some contemporaneous documentary evidence consisting of a deed recorded in Hampshire County ( correction, is a lease and related power of attorney) involving land originally deeded to an Alexander Chesnut ("Called McChesnut in a deed or grant" etc. ) in which John of South Carolina is described as his son and heir. On the basis of the "Mc" I have done considerable research; And am leaning toward the conclusion that this Virginia Family descended from "John McChesney" who immigrated from Scotland to Ireland in 1689 because of the Religious Wars; Then to Virginia via Pennsylvania down the valley of Virginia, and Locating in what is now Rockbridge in 1691. Fantastic? Maybe so. I am going to work this line at least back to the original ancestor, and I am certain that William (d. 1783) was not the first generation. I just noticed that I garbled a question in my letter of November 12, so will restate it. I know of only two parcels of land owned by John Chesnut in Virginia. One consisted of 232 acres on Bulpasture Mountain, and was sold by John and Patience in 1790. So we know that was our John. The other parcel was conveyed to John Chesnut by his father William Chesnut in 1772, The question: do you know what become of this tract, deeded to John by his father, and if conveyed, did Patience join in the conveyance. In stating that I know of only two parcels owned by John Chesnut in Virginia, I mean in Augusta County. An earlier John Chesnut, who died in 1750 owned land in Isle of Wight County, and was the son of Alexander Chesnut, who died in 1690. "Excerpt From: Letter, Homer Jones to Gordon Walker, Dated November 30, 1955" Paragraph #2 I know of only two parcels of land owned by John Chesnut in Virginia. One consisted of 232 acres on Bulpasture Mountain, and was sold by John and Patience in 1790. So we know that was our John. The other parcel was conveyed to John Chesnut by his father William Chesnut in 1772. Paragraph #3 In stating that I know of only two parcels owned by John Chesnut in Virginia. I mean in Augusta County. An earlier John Chesnut, who died 1750 owned land in Isle of Wight county, Virginia. "Excerpt From: Letter, Homer Jones to Gordon Walker, Dated December 12, 1955" Paragraph # 3 By the way: Do you have access to Volume 1 of Chalkey? I have never examined that volume, and would like to have a transcript of and Chesnut entries (all of them) in Volume I. I have the entries from Volume II and Volume III. I have obtained a number of photostats from the Virginia State Library relating to Chestnut's, including a deed (Deed Book 27, Pages 33 - 34) in which John and Patience transfer land in Augusta in 1790. They charge only 40 cents, 80 cents for this large clear photostat. "Excerpt From: Letter, Homer Jones to Gordon Walker, Dated December 26, 1955" Thanks very much for the information concerning the Kincaids and the Chestnut's, in your letter of 21 December, 1955. I suddenly realized what happened to that other parcel of land in Virginia, deeded to John Chestnut's by his father William, in 1772. It was in the part of Augusta cut off to form Rockingham County in 1778, and most of the Rockingham records have been destroyed. The Augusta County land, 232 acres, sold by John and Patience on September 20, 1790, was on Bulpasture Mountain, a section now in Highland County, just across the line from present Bath County. The tax records of Bath County Virginia for the Year of 1791, first District, include among the heads of families" Sophia Chesnut, Widow", undoubtedly the widow of William Chesnut, John's father. I am inclined to doubt that she was John's mother. Rather, I believe that she was a second wife. Bath County, Virginia was formed effective as of May 1, 1791. I am very interested in the two suits listed in your transcript of the entries in Volume I of Chalkey, involving the Palmers and the Chestnut's. Will look them up the first time I can get to Stauunton. James may have been another son of William Sr. If you have access to "Historical Sketches of Pocahontas County, West Virginia" by W.T. Price, There is a genealogical sketch of the Gum Family at pages 356 to 393, according to a citation I have. Excerpt From: Letter, Homer Jones to Gordon Walker, Dated January 8th, 1956 Paragraph #1: Williams (Grandfather) I estimate that the grandfather was born about 1715. Will try to "check it out". There were no Chesnut's in the first census of Maryland, according to my notes, which is fairly strong evidence that none had settled by that time. Paragraph #5 With respect to the Tennessee Chesnut's, there appears to have been two different groups, both related, In addition to our group, there was a group which I believe was descended from Joseph Chesnut. A son of Joseph may have been Henry Chesnut who married Tabitha Sanders and they had a son John, born 1802 in Hawkins County, Tenn. Joseph I believe to have been from the North Carolina Clan, Duplin County, etc., although the name was not foreign to our group, there being a Joseph Chesnut in Bath County, Va. At the same time as Sophia, widow of William who died 1783. I believe this Joseph of Bath was a grandson of William and a nephew of John and Patience. Excerpt From: Letter, Homer Jones to Gordon Walker, Dated January 31st, 1956 Paragraph #6: Edmund; It was common in the Irish family of Sarsfield which according to tradition was changed to Chesnut, after arrival of certain immigrants of the family in America. The Earliest Chesnut of whom I have found any record was an Alexander Chesnut who died 1690 in Isle of Wight County, Virginia, leaving a widow who married a Parnell, and a son who married a daughter of Parnell, by his first wife. The next earliest was an Alexander Chesnut who died 1749 in then Frederick now Hampshire County (then Va., now W.Va.), leaving a widow Mary who appears to have died between 1762 and 1768. This Alexander was the father of a James Chesnut (wife Margaret), father of John Chesnut the patriarch of South Carolina. I believe that he was also the father of David Chesnut who died 1778 in S.C. leaving many known descendants; and a William Chesnut who died 1783 in Rockingham County or Augusta County (part now Highland County), Va. He owned land in each County, and his widow, Mary Sophia, was living in that part of Bath which later become Highland, in 1791 when she was named a widow in the tax lists. William was the father of our John, and Mary Sophia may have been his mother, but I doubt it. It is even possible that Alexander of Frederick was a son of Alexander of Isle of Wight. Excerpt From: Letter, Homer Jones to Gordon Walker, Dated February 6th, 1956 Paragraph #2: You recall, no doubt, that a William Chesnut gave a tract of land in 1772 to each of his two sons, John and William, John being "our John" whose wife was Patience. William died 1783 leaving a widow Sophia. I have learned, and have it documented, that Sophia was the daughter of John Wade and his wife Sophia Howard, of Maryland. Sophia Wade Chesnut was born 1755 in Maryland (too late even to be the mother of "our" William, much less his father John), and after William's death in 1783 she married 2nd James Burke, which was after 1791, as she was shown as head of a family in Bath Co., Va. That year, as Sophia Chesnut, "Widow". From what I can learn, John Wade migrated to Virginia, in that part of Augusta County, now Highland, near the town of Valley Center, in 1780, which means that he might have migrated in the company of William Chestnut returning from his tour of military duty. Correction, John Wade lived near the town of Green Hill, John Chesnut lived near the town of Valley Center, both on Back Creek, now Highland County. The land William conveyed to his sons John and William was in what is now the southern part of Rockingham County, near the Augusta County line, or more accurately about ten miles from Harrisonburg. In 1762 John acquired his second tract (I do not know when he acquired the first tract there) on Bulpasture Mountain, not far from the present Augusta County line in Highland County. I am inclined to believe that he conveyed the tract deeded to him by his father, to his brother William. It appears that William Sr. had one or more children by Sophia, but have not developed the facts fully. It is certain that he had not remarried by 1763 as a wife did not join in conveyances to y Henry and Daniel Callahan, nor did a wife join in the conveyances to the two sons in 1772. Incidentally John Wade's youngest son married the granddaughter of Daniel Callahan, dau. Of his con Charles, on 26 March 1788, and his eldest daughter, Elizabeth married a son of Daniel. Paragraph #8 Now it appears that Sophia was not the mother of our John, I can search for another wife, who probably died about 1760. Rockingham records are meager, and so are those of Hampshire county (now W.Va.) Where John and Patience were probably married. Possibly when it was still Frederick County. Va. Excerpt From: Letter, Homer Jones to Gordon Walker, Dated March 18, 1956 Paragraph #3: With respect to the Tennessee Chesnut's: J.N. was obviously quoting from memory facts he had long before heard, and much of it is entirely correct, minor errors elsewhere. For instance, The four sons to Western Virginia. Alexander Chesnut (Wife Mary) died in 1749 at the western edge of present Hampshire Co. The settlers in that section did have to go for safety to the fort at Winchester. Alexander's son James (rather than John) died or was killed about 1754 or 1755, his widow married a ranger Jasper Sutton almost immediately afterward, and in 1756 they with children, John (eldest born 1743), James, and Margaret, migrated first to North Carolina, and afterward a year there to Camden South Carolina where the family attained phenomenal prominence. Another son (I Homer Jones believe) William was the father of John and William of Augusta Co. Virginia (our John I believe), and possibly father of a James who settled first in Augusta and then on to Montgomery, dying in 1798, and I believe was the one engage in a slander suit involving the Palmer family into which a daughter of his brother William had married. The third son of Alexander, David (died 1778) settled in Old Craven Co. South Carolina on Rocky Creek. The fourth son of Alexander (according to my calculations) was John( born 1715 ) who settled in Cumberland Co. Pennsylvania ( or maybe he had remained there, as I believe Alexander came through Pennsylvania ). The Wilmington District of North Carolina Chesnut's were of the Isle of Wight Family, originating with Alexander who died 1690, who may have been the father of Alexander who died 1749. Excerpt From: Letter, Homer Jones to Gordon Walker, Dated June 2nd, 1956 Paragraph #2: Enclosed are abstracts of some documents which I am certain you will find very interesting. One proves that Patience Chesnut, wife of John Sr., was the daughter of John Gum of Pendleton county (now West Virginia). I wanted to go to Pendleton, but found that I could not extend my itinerary in the time I had. Another document shows that Patience accompanied her son Benjamin and his wife Mahala to Lawrence County, Indiana. Would also have liked to include that County in my itinerary. Paragraph #5: The land of Knox County acquired by the Chesnut's was a part of a 2500 acre tract conveyed by Matthew and Thomas Talbot of Wilkes County, Georgia, to Thomas dean of Washington County, Kentucky, on June 6th, 1800. Witnesses to Deed, Alexander Faulkner, Marcus Graham, Edmund Purdy, Benjamin Caulk. I don't know why this land is usually described as the "John" Talbot Tract. Thomas Dean then transferred it to the Chesnut's in 1804 (William's heirs in 1805). Thomas Dean being of Washington County perhaps explains the removal of the Chesnut's from Washington County, that is, the transactions were probably decided upon in Washington before their removal. Letter, Homer Jones to Gordon Walker, Dated June 12, 1956 Paragraph #1 Thanks for your letter. You really go to work swiftly on the new information about the Chesnut's in Indiana. I have written for the 1820 and 1830 census records, and greatly appreciate the "tip" about the Indiana Historical Bureau. Paragraph #4 Concerning John Gum: Pendleton County W.Va. Was formed 1787 from Augusta and hardy. Hardy was formed 1785 from Hampshire, which was formed 1753 from Frederick. The Gum's, Chesnut's, and Claypooles were all originally in what is now Hampshire. There were intermarriages between the three families. The northern end of Pendleton was cut off 1847 from Highland County, Va., and much of the early history of Pendleton, etc. is now found in the histories of Highland and Bath. "Excerpt From: Letter, Homer Jones to Gordon Walker, Dated December 2, 1956" Paragraph #2 I too found the Pennsylvania reference to Christian Gum, and for a time it looked like the real thing, the immigrant ancestor of our Gum's. However, I later found a more likely one in Nugent's Cavaliers and Pioneers (Virginia) as follows: "Robert Chowning, 250 acres Lancaster County. (Va.) Last of June 1653. Upon the NW side of the SW branch of the Sunderland, alias Burnham's Creek. Extending from the land of Henry Nichols SW from thence. Transportation of five persons: 2 Negroes; Jon Gum Sr.; Jon Gum Jr.; Jon Pepper." Paragraph #4 The land description of course has no connection to with the Gum's. It simply means that sometime before 1653 (could be a month or two, or a year or two) Robert Chowning arranged for the transportation of these five persons, and was later paid in land. Will follow up on it soon, perhaps through the Virginia land grand grants to see where the Gum's located first. Around 1750 they were in the Frederick County (now Hampshire) with the early Chesnut's, then later they show up in the Augusta (later Pendleton, now Highland) apparently moving south about the same time as the Chesnut's. "History of Highland County Va. (C.F. Morton 1911) " Attached to letter of December 2, 1956 Homer Jones to Gordon Walker .Pages 167-179, Land Ownership Paragraph #3 Chesnut, William (1) 197 Acres, 1781 Survey, BC (2) 229 Acres, 1784 Survey, BC, Patent 1789 Paragraph #4 Chesnut, John (1) 120 acres, 1787, BP Mountain, Between John Chesnut and William Jordan, Patent. Paragraph #6 Gum, John (1) 72 Acres, 1766 Survey, CB, Wilmer Run, Patent 1769 (2) 144 Acres, 1769 Survey, CB, Wilmer Run, Patent 1769 (3) 41 Acres, 1780 Survey, CB, Adj. Abogast, Patent 1784 (4) 19 Acres, 1783 Survey, CB, (5)12 Acres, 1784 Survey, Bend of JR (6)220 Acres, 1784 Survey, BC, South of Medowdale, Patent 1784 Paragraph #7 Gum, John Jr. (1) 218 Acres, 1780 Survey, Adj. John Gum Sr. Paragraph #8 Gum, Isaac (1) 220 Acres, 1774 Survey, BC S. Of Medowdale, Patent 1784 (2) 200 Acres, 1780 Survey, Adj. Himself (3) 193 Acres, 1787 Survey, Head of SB, Patent. "Excerpt From: Letter, Homer Jones to Gordon Walker, Dated December 7, 1957" Paragraph #2 Patience Chesnut was the Daughter of John Gum (or Gum). Family disagreements are undesirable when they involve our own generations, but they do result in excellent genealogical records which otherwise would not be available. John gum's wife predeceased him, her name was Alice, and I am confident that she was the mother of Patience rather than being a relatively late, or second wife of John. John's children were Jacob (Dorothy); Isaac; John; William; Abraham (predeceased his father); Patience; and probably another daughter, wife of Christopher Reed. It appears virtually certain that our John Gum was the brother of Jacob who died in Kentucky, and whose first wife, mother of his children, was Sarah Claypoole (her line is in the Claypool Genealogy, copy in DAR Library in Washington). Our John's son Jacob died in 1820, leaving wife Dolly, sons Jesse; Isaac; Adam; Jacob; and four daughters. The earliest record I have so far on our John Gum is 23 October 1749 when he acquired 200 acres by grant on Cedar Branch in Augusta. Have some things "working" on this line, and may have more information for you the next time I write. On the same trip I did some research on the Chesnut's. The only thing unusual I found was in Rockingham County, Va. Where the records were destroyed, except some minute books and quite a number of the early deeds were re-recorded. I found a (re-recorded) deed from William Chesnut, wife Sophia which definitely stated that he was son of William who died 1772 transferred land to his son's John and William. Other genealogists have listed this son as the one who married first Catherine and second a Jean*--, which is in error. I found a minute book entry "John Chesnut et ux to Wm. Boyd Apr. 1779" which means William Boyd was proved at the April Court 1779. That was probably the deed for the land left or conveyed to him by his father. This William (Sophia) signed his name; the later William (Jean) signed by mark. Our John Chesnut signed his name in Kentucky. The William Sr. of Rockingham signed his name in conveying land to his sons John and William. Oh yes, I found record of Mary Chesnut in Loudon County, Va. Who in 1760 was age 27 and married a Samuel Coombs. Will follow up, etc. Page #2, Paragraph #2 Will try to follow up that County Antrim lead. That may have been where the Sarsfield (Saresfeld, etc.) Tribe was located, do not have material on hand, other than one notation which shows some information concerning the family in Burke, Volume #2, Page 1189-1190, the last three generations including William, James, then Patrick ("ancestor of the branch of the family settled in Johnstown" (Penn?). If Johnstown Pennsylvania, that was near a large branch of the Chesnut's.
"Excerpt From: Homer Jones Notes "Material, A Diary From Dixie, Mary Boykin Chesnut" At an early age James Chesnut, who was born in Ireland went to Virginia with his parents, where they settled in the valley of the Shenandoah. It is an old tradition the name in Ireland was Sarsfield. After his marriage and the birth of his three children, the family moved to South Carolina in the year 1756; and settled at Knight Hill near Camden, then called Pine Tree Hill. James Chesnut I (father) ? Chesnut (Margaret) Children John Chesnut, Born June 18, 1743, Died April 1, 1813 James Chesnut II (Died unmarried and was the owner of Mulberry Plantation) Margaret Chesnut (Married Alex. Irvin) John the oldest was thirteen years old when he moved to South Carolina, soon after he entered the mercantile business house of Colonel John Kershaw in Camden, as an apprentice beginning his career as merchant at the expiration of his apprenticeship. By 1776 he was a member of the firm which had extensive and progressive branch stores throughout the State. In 1765 he was appointed Inquirer and Collector for St. Mark. By the time of the Revolution his landed estates were very large. A delegate to the first Provincial Congress, which met in Charleston, South Carolina in January 11, 1775, and again on June 1st, of the same year he was elected to the Committee of Continental Association. He was appointed "Justice of the Quorum" of Orangeburg District, 1775, Justice of the Peace April 1776, and was Paymaster, with the rank of Captain, in the third Carolina Regiment at the beginning of the Revolution, but a severe attack of rheumatism compelled him to resign. Recovering about the war was over, he was prominent in politics, and in 1788 a member of the convention to frame the constitution. He went to the State Senate twice, and was Among the first election of trustees for the new South Carolina College. His intimate friends were leaders of the day, and Among them were Charles Cotesworth Pinkney, Governor John Rutledge and Colonel Wade Hampton. When General Washington visited the South in 1791, He was entertained by Colonel Chesnut at Camden. Gilbert Stuart painted the portrait of Colonel Chesnut now owned by his great grandson, David Rogerson Williams III. A very rich man, he lived in great state at his different houses, giving a weekly ball and supper, which pleased the young people of the community. He often traveled with coach and four to Charleston or Columbia in the winter; and rarely missed a visit to Virginia and Philadelphia or New York during the summer, traveling with his servants and horses taking at least a month for the journey. He was well educated and had a fine library. He married in 1770, Sarah, the daughter of Captain John and Mary (McGirty) Cantey of Camden. She was born at "Salt Lake" on the Wateree, February 15, 1733 and died February 12, 1786. Colonel Chesnut's death occurred April 1, 1813, and he was placed beside his wife in the family burying ground at Knight Hill. John Chesnut Mary Cantey Chesnut Children Mary Chesnut (married Duncan ?) James Chesnut III Sarah Cantey Chesnut (married John Taylor) Harriet Chesnut (Harriet lived a recluse for many years never leaving the House because her father refused his consent to a marriage which he considered undesirable ) Rebecca (died in infancy) John Chesnut III ( died of yellow fever in Charleston 1799 when about 16 years old ) Margaret Chesnut (married James Sutherland Deas. ) James Chesnut III was born in Camden, South Carolina February 19, 1773. As a boy of seven he accompanied his father on horseback to Charleston, and did many things for him when he was thrown in prison there after the Surrender. He was educated at Princeton University, matriculating in 1788. A member of the state Legislature in 1802, 1804, and 1808, Intendant of Camden 1806 and 1807, and a member of the State Senate 1832. He was prominent in all social and political life of Camden. His plantations near Camden were more than five miles square. He married the daughter of Col. John and Esther Bowes Cox of Philadelphia, September 20, 1796. His portrait as well as that of his wife, By; Gilbert Stuart, belongs to David Rogerson Williams III. Mrs. Chesnut said that she met her future husband at Princeton, where he was know as the "Young Prince". On their bridal journey from Philadelphia to Camden they drove a cream-colored coach with four horses and out riders. Mulberry House two miles south of Camden was finished in 1820. Until then they lived at Camden. An account of James Chesnut's life after the death of his wife is given in "A Diary from Dixie". Written by his daughter-in-law, Mrs. Mary Boykin Miller Chesnut. James Chesnut III Mary Cox Chesnut Children (Fourteen - Seven dying in infancy ) Esther Chesnut (married John Nicholas Williams ) John Chesnut III (Charlotte Ellen Whittaker ) Mary Cox Chesnut (Dr. George Reynolds ) Harriet Serena Chesnut (married William Joseph Grant) Emma Chesnut (Unmarried ) Sarah ( Sally ) Chesnut (did not marry devoting her life to the care of her parents, her home was Bloomsbury) James Chesnut IV married Mary Boykin Miller, the daughter of Governor Stephen Miller and Mary Boykin Miller. He was a United States Senator and Brigadier General C.S.A. and led an active and useful life. Mary Cox Chesnut was born at Trenton New Jersey March 22, 1775. Mary Cox Chesnut as a girl of fourteen, was one who strew flowers before General Washington at the reception given him by the people of New Jersey at Trenton Bridge, just before he was made President, April 21, 1789. She was appointed vice regent for South Carolina of the Mount Vernon Association April 1860. She died at "Bloomsbury" March 13th, 1864 and her husband survived her dying only two years, dying February 1866. "Bloomsbury"; In Camden, the house which James Chesnut III had built for his daughter Sally was his last residence. The family moved there from "Mulberry" at the beginning of the Civil War. Mr. Chesnut was laid to rest by his wife at Knight Hill.
The End; "Chesnut Chronicles, By Mary Boykin Miller Chesnut"
"Excerpts From: Letter Homer Jones to Gordon Walker, Dated January 2, 1958" Paragraph #2, Line #5 The Chesnut of South Carolina, the family into which Mary Boykin Miller married, descended from John Chesnut, born 1743 in the Orange, Now Hampshire County ( then Virginia, Now West Virginia), son of James and Margaret Chesnut, and grandson of Alexander( Mary ) Chesnut died 1749 in Now Hampshire. There is documentary proof that he was grandson of Alexander. This John b. 1743 was in South Carolina by 1756. A David Chesnut who lived near by, and who died there in 1778, had an oldest son Alexander, and was un doubtedly Uncle of John b. 1743 and son of Alexander d. 1749. Mrs. P.W. Hiden, a very eminent genealogist, was in error about the parentage of her ancestor or perhaps her husband's ancestor ), the William Chesnut who left widow Jean. She indicated that he was brother of the John, who with William was grantee of land conveyed by their father William. The deed is Rockingham shows conclusively that the grantee William was one who married Sophia Wade (b. 1755, daughter if John Wade of Maryland, who settled in what is now Highland county, Virginia and William (Sophia) Chesnut also settled there after selling the land conveyed to him by his father. Not far away in now Highland County was our John and Patience ( Gum ). Also not far away was our John (Alice) Gum. I do not think that Catherine Callahan was our John's mother. John's father William , conveyed land to his sons and others, well before 1779 (when Catherine died ), and a wife did not join in any of the deeds, I am confident that our John's father was a William who died shortly before February 18, 1783 ( Will proved, but not available); and that the mother of the family had died long before, perhaps killed during the Indian uprising that forced the Chesnut's and all other families on the frontier in what is now western part of Hampshire County into the New Fort at Winchester. "Excerpts From: Letter, Homer Jones to Gordon Walker, Dated 21 May 59, Handwritten" Paragraph #3 I developed proof that John Chesnut's father was William who died 1783 in Rockingham Co. Virginia, also that Catherine Callahan was this Williams second wife etc. Will write more fully when I have time with the typewriter. Longhand is torture to me. "Excerpts From: Letter from Homer Jones to Gordon Walker, Dated September 20 , 1959" Paragraph #2 That was extremely interesting information concerning Daniel Chesnut, et al. Your informants information was exactly as I had expected the family of William's (d. 1783), and as you have it with the addition of marriage data, etc. as follows 2nd wife, Catherine Callahan: Daniel Chesnut, m. 1790 Rockingham Co. Va. Isabella Blain Charles Chesnut, m. 1795 Rockingham Co. Va. Elizabeth Robertson Margaret Chesnut, m. 1795 Rockingham Co. Va. William Blain Elizabeth Chesnut, m. 2 August 1786 Rockingham Co. Va. Thomas Woodward. The marriage record re Margaret described her as the daughter of William; The record regarding Elizabeth described her as the orphan of William. Most of the early Rockingham Co. Virginia records have been destroyed, but through the lists of titheables and tax lists in the Virginia State Library I developed amazingly satisfactory proof of the several relationships. The 1782 tax list named William Chesnut with 130 acres of land and a William Jr. with 60 acres. An "alterations" book for May 1784 showed 130 acres William Chesnut to William Blain. The 1783 tax list showed "William Blain Executor of William Chesnut Dec'd". The 1787 land tax book showed William Blain as owner of the 130 acres. I have just hit a few high spots, but maybe, it's clear enough. Oh yes, The 1787 land book also showed William Boyd with 97 acres, the land sold him by our John in 1779. So here is the disposition of William Sr.'s original 400 acres: Sold to Son John 97 acres Sold by John April 1779 The Tax Lists often showed approximations, hence 60 Acres instead of 58«, and 130 instead of 124 « Acres. Excuse the miserliness (of effort), no more paper close at hand. As to Alex, Yes I am confident that he was named for the grandfather of Charles. In other words, I am most confident that William who died 1783 was the son of Alexander (Mary) Chesnut who died 1749 in Frederick Co. ( part later Hampshire ). This Alexander (Mary) very definitely was grandfather of John b. 1743 of South Carolina (son of James and Margaret). John of South Carolina acquired the land of Alexander (Mary) by Primogeniture, His father having predeceased his grandfather, etc. Am now trying to find connection between Alexander (Mary) and an earlier generation in Isle of Wight county, Virginia (Alexander died 1690 etc.). "Excerpts From: Letter, Homer Jones to Gordon Walker, Dated January 3rd, 1960, Paragraph # 2: Your letter of Dec. 30th is extremely interesting in that it has the first reference I have seen to any county in the British Isles from which the Chesnut's may have come. Most of the other information I already had (from Virkus Vol. #7, p. 181; DAR L.B. 97/70, 99/174, 114/310; DAR Mag. 59/589, 61/707. The book "Historic Camden" Part I, Page 367 also contains the following which has reference to David's son Samuel. "In the year 1766 we find grants of land in various parts of Kershaw County to James Chesnut a brother of John, and also of land (adjoining James) in the same year to one Samuel Chesnut of who there is no mention in the family record," etc. On a trip to Columbia, Couth Carolina several years ago I obtained a copy of an unrecorded will of David Chesnut, and am enclosing a copy for you. Paragraph #5: I cannot believe that David living in the same neighborhood as John Chesnut is a coincidence, also I find it difficult to believe that David "came over" as late as 1772. DAR LB 97/70 shows James Chesnut (1752-1822) "born in Abbeyville County, South Carolina, died in Chester District. South Carolina". Regarding the "Cherry's" (said to have "come over with the Chesnut's, etc"). Virkus Vol. # VI, Page 248 and Vol. #VII, Page 181 shows that the immigrant Cherry was David Cherry, grandfather of the George Cherry who married Jane Chesnut (1750-1805) in 1785. Some inconsistencies, but not serious, and they do form a pattern from which we can work. I am in accord with your reconstruction of the family of Alexander (Mary) Chesnut; James (Margaret), Benjamin ( ), William ( ), David ( Janet Brown). A descendent of John (b.1743) of south Carolina lives in Jacksonville, is very active in the D.A.R., and very active in Chesnut research. A large group of his descendants live in Gainesville, Florida and in Clearwater, Florida, and they to are active in research. I still have not found any early British Isle reference to a Chesnut. Suggests they did change their name. "Excerpts From: Letter, Homer Jones to Mrs. Kurtz, Dated February 4, 1961" Page #3, Paragraph #2 In 1809 William Graham was named in a power of attorney executed bu Patience Chesnut of Knox County, Kentucky (widow of John Chesnut and mother of William Chesnut who married Sarah Graham daughter of John). The document empowered William graham to sue, receive, etc. any money or other property due Patience from the estate of her father John Gum of Pendleton County (now W. Vw.), and William Graham was in that county in 1809 and in 1818 when he received for Patience the proceeds due her. In the poser of attorney Patience Chesnut referred to William Graham as "my true and trusted friend". I am inclined to believe that the Chesnut's and the family and parents of William graham were friends and neighbors in Virginia. Page #3, Paragraph #3 The Chestnut's, John and Patience, Left their land on Bulpasture Mountain in the Augusta County, in September 1790, Settled and lived several years in Greene County, Tennessee, Then about 1798 to Hardin's Creek in Washington County, Kentucky (their son William was there by at least 1787) until 1800 when they removed to what was the Knox (now Laurel County) County, Kentucky, Where John Chesnut died in 1805. John Chesnut was the son of William Chesnut who moved from Hampshire County (West Virginia) in 1762, and acquired land on Dry Run in what is Augusta then Rockingham County, Virginia where he died early in 1783. I am giving this unrelated information wince it might serve to spot our Graham Family. Page #3, paragraph #4 John and Patience Chesnut lived in Augusta in what is now part of Highland County, Va. On Bulpasture Mountain. In This same locality as early as 1782, there was John Graham with 44 acres "Bulpasture on Jordon's Run. Not far away from Christopher Graham (b. 1755, d. 1841, m. Jane Carlile), probably son of Robert (Jean) Graham probably the son of Robert Graham (son of Christopher, d. 1748) (Robert, 1712-1763) (m. Jean Hicklin, 1734, dau. Thomas Hicklin). Robert Graham was the brother of John (Elizabeth) Graham of Cowpasture "Excerpts From: Letter, Homer Jones to Gordon Walker, Dated March 25, 1962" Page # 2, Paragraph # 2, Line # 10 I have not attempted to integrate into this system the Pennsylvania families and the Isle of Wight Virginia/ North Carolina Branches, These latter descended from an Alexander Chesnutt who d. 1690. He was the ancestor of the "double tt" families in Knox County, Tennessee, and adjoining areas, etc. The Pennsylvania Families came over at various times, some in the middle to late 1800's. I do believe however, that most if not all came from County Atrium, and vicinity. Excerpt From: Letter, Homer Jones to Gordon Walker, Dated 1 January 1963" Page # 1, Paragraph # 3 That additional information, and additional corroboration of the previous information relating to David Chesnut is extremely interesting and promising. Some years ago I would not have given a second thought to the suggestion of Huguenot origin, but the years of failure to find the name Chesnut in early British Isles records have convinced me that the name was adopted about the time of migration to this continent, and certainly not too long before. You are familiar with the SARSFIELD tradition, and the fact that Senator James Chesnut, of the third generation in this country, used the name for one of his plantations. "Excerpt From: Letter, Homer Jones to Gordon Walker, Dated February 21, 1963" Paragraph # 2 That reasoning about Sarsfield is very interesting, and entirely possible. What is the origin of the place-name "Saar" applied to the River of that name and used as a prefix in various cities etc. Paragraph # 4 Members of the pre-1800 "Sarsfield family in Ireland were Militant Catholics rather than Huguenots, and that is possible that an anti-catholic ranch of the family "split off" and changed the name to "Chesnut". No doubt you have seen sketches of the Sarsfield family in Burke's Landed entry etc.. "Excerpt From: Letter, Homer Jones to Gordon Walker, Dated December 7, 1963" Paragraph # 2 I have been quite excited over the research of Henry S. Chesnut, and appreciate very much your keeping me on your mailing list, even though I have been a poor correspondent as of late. The excerpts from his letter of November 20, (1963 ?) include the name of Alexander Chesnut, very likely the one with the wife named Mary, of Frederick-Hampshire County, Virginia-West Virginia, my conjecture as the parents of our William of Augusta-Rockingham Counties. Did I ever send you copies of deeds which prove conclusively that the progenitor of the South Carolina Chesnut family, John born 1743, was the grandson of Alexander? John's parents were James and Margaret ( ? ) Chesnut. The mother Margaret married in the early 1750's Jasper Sutton. The land owned by Alexander and acquired by his grandson John under the laws of primogeniture, was granted to Alexander in the name of Alexander McChesner. The persistence of the given name Samuel in our branches of the family and it's occurrence in the family of David of South Carolina fairly well convinces me that we are descended from the Samuel who was killed 1734. I am confident that Reverend Benjamin (Elizabeth McCray) fits somewhere in this picture. The Isle of Wight (Virginia) family with the "double tt" ending, ancestors of the family Dublin-Sampson Cos. North Carolina is an enigma to me, The early Chesnut-McKinney families in Atrium reminded me of the fact that Benjamin Chesnut of Franklin County Pennsylvania married "Anne McKinne". Benjamin a Revolutionary Soldier born 1758 was a son of John (1715-18--? ) and Catherine Byers. Henry mentions the "Andrew" in the line, but he was of the fifth generation in this country, so probably would not have been derived or inspired by some one of that given name in County Atrium. As a matter of fact ours was "Andre-Campbell Chesnut" which may come from the Campbell family, or from his mother of the Evans family. "Excerpts From: Letter, Homer Jones to Gordon Walker, Dated August 11, 1965" Paragraph # 2 Yes, Henry and I had a lively visit. Made a note to write you about our discussions, but procrastinated until the idea and the note disappeared, Yes, I too am on a rat race. Whatever made us think we were retiring? So far I enjoy the practice of law, and the freedom it gives me as compared to governmental employment. Henry had found a record in Ireland of Alexander and Mary (O'Draine) Chesnut, but thought they died there. I believe I convinced him that they were identical with Alexander (Mary) of Frederick and Hampshire Counties. At the last DAR Continental Congress Mabel examined the Mary O'Draine Darning Needle in the Curator-General's collection. Received a letter from Henry a week or so ago, mentioned only that he was on the trail of an early Chesnut Bible. Understood he was going to Ireland in June for research, but he did not mention it in his letter. At the last D.A.R. Continental Congress Mabel examined the Mary O'Draine Darning Needle in the Curator-General's Collection. Received a brief letter from Henry a week or two ago, mentioned only that he was on still on the trail of an early Chesnut Bible. Understood that he was going to Ireland in June for research, but he did not mention it in his letter. Will write him and inquire. "Excerpt From: Letter, Homer Jones to Gordon Walker, Date October 12, 1965" Paragraph #5 Regarding your handwritten postscript, Regarding the pattern of names in David's sons: the Irish custom was to name the First son for his paternal grandfather; The second son for his maternal grandfather (dither the family surname or the given name of the grandfather; and the third son for the father. On my line, William d. 1783 had two surviving sons, John and William. It is possible that he had and older son who did not survive and named him Samuel, which would complete the pattern. Likewise, James (Margaret, m 2nd Jasper Sutton) Chesnut named his sons John and James and his daughter Margaret. "Excerpt From: Letter, Homer Jones to Gordon Walker, Dated October 19, 1970" Paragraph # 1 It was a real pleasure to hear from you again, and of course I am quite with your success in proving the line through William to John Chesnut. Please do send me the National Number. Recently I started reviewing genealogy files preparatory to becoming active again. A number one interest of course is "Chesnut", especially because of the breakthrough made by Henry Chesnut to the Families in Ireland. Haven't heard from him for quite some time, and it's very definitely my fault. I find I did not reply the last two letters. I've become so involved in the practice of law, that my genealogical correspondence pilled up, and I know I have offended some very fine correspondence with my neglect. Now I will have to really exert myself to get back in their good graces. "Excerpt From: Letter, Homer Jones to Gordon Walker, Dated November 21, 1970" Paragraph # 2 That information concerning Henry Chesnut was a shocker. It would be interesting to know how far along he was with proving our line back to Ireland. He did in one letter, give me a list of the Chestnut's with whom he was in direct contact in Ireland. If you have an occasion to be in Louisville, you could examine the probate file relating to Henry in the courthouse, ascertain the name and address of his executor or administrator, whether or not his personal papers were the subject of a specific bequest, and if not, the name of the residuary legatee who would have inherited them, etc. If Henry was a member of the Filson Club? It may have acquired them? If we come to a dead end we may communicate with the genealogist he employed, and possibly acquire whatever information and evidence he was able to develop at a reasonable cost, which I would be willing to share. We might be able to find others willing to share the expense. Just a thought. It is very probable we will find Henry's records available to us. Excerpt From "76 Years of Living, The Logan Ewell Stories", Sentinel Echo, Th. Jan. 19, 1961" Paragraph #3 This letter was written By Colonel V. Gordon Walker, 15 Lawton Road, Fort Benjamin Harrison, Indianapolis 16, Indiana "Before I went to Germany in 1956, I wrote to Mr. Russell Dyche about the possibility of publishing an article about the Chesnut Family, Since there are many people in the county who are the descendants of pioneer John Chesnut, I felt it would be of genuine interest to a number of people. His reaction was favorable and I sent material for an article which he agreed to write but failing health prevented the completion of the project.. Mrs. Lucy Mahan Spilman, Mr. Homer T. Jones and I have worked individually and collectively on this research. The purpose of this letter is to give something of the life, parentage and children of pioneer John Chesnut. The father of John Chesnut was William Chesnut and the Earliest records known to us concerns his purchase of four hundred acres of land in Augusta, Virginia in 1762. John Chesnut was a soldier in the Revolutionary War and is listed by John Gwathemy as being in Captain Hopkins Company from Augusta County 1777. He married Patience Gum, daughter of John Gum. They reared a good sized family and one daughter, Ann married Thomas Duffield in Augusta County in 1789. The records of Augusta County note that John and Patience Chesnut are about to "remove" out of the state in 1790. Prior to the move their son, William came to Kentucky and it is probable that he came with cousins who were members of the Gum family and also settled in Nelson County. 1788 William married Sallie Graham in Nelson county, Kentucky. John and Patience and the remaining members of their family, came down the Shenandoah Valley and settled in Greene County, Tennessee. John Jr., Jacob and Abraham were married there. About 1798 John Jr., and Jacob joined their brother William in Washington County, Kentucky which was originally apart of Nelson County. They lived there until shortly after 1800 when they became interested in the Talbot Survey of Knox County, which is now the county of Laurel. About 1804 John and Patience with sons Abraham and Benjamin and daughter, Nancy, bought land in the Talbot Survey and moved from Tennessee. They were joined by sons, William, John Jr. and Jacob from Washington County. About the time of the move William died leaving his wife, Sallie Graham Chesnut and heirs: Samuel, Ruth, William, Benjamin, Ann, Edmund and Jacob. In 1805 pioneer John Chesnut died and his will listed his widow, Patience; and sons John, Jacob, Abraham, Benjamin and Daughters, Ann, and Nancy. Probably William was not mentioned in the will as he had predeceased his father. Jacob moved for a time to Rockcastle County and had a son whose name was Abraham who should not be confused with his uncle Abraham of Laurel County. About 1818 John Jr., Jacob, of Rockcastle County, Benjamin and their mother, Patience moved to Indiana. Benjamin and his mother settled in Lawrence County, near Silverville where both died between 1821 and 1830. Most of the Laurel County Chestnut's of the present day descended from Abraham by his marriage to Esther Evans and after her death to Elizabeth Blakely, and from William by his marriage to Sallie "Excerpt From: The Mount Vernon Signal, Th. Feb 13, 1975 Pg.. 11, Rockcastle Recollections" "Rockcastle County Recollections" by: John Lair Chesnut: John Chesnut enlisted in the Army from Augusta County, Virginia in 1777 and his father William Chesnut is on the record as owning four hundred acres of land in Augusta County in 1762. John married Patience Gum and they moved to Tennessee in 1790. Before they made the move, their son William had come to Kentucky with relatives and had married Sallie Graham in Nelson County Kentucky. His brothers John Jr., Jacob and Abraham Chesnut were married in Virginia. About 1798 John Jr. and Jacob joined William in Washington County, Kentucky. which had originally been apart of Nelson County. They lived there until 1804, when they became interested in a 2500 acre boundary of land in what is now Laurel, County, Kentucky. Records show that John Sr., John Jr., Abraham, and Jacob, with the heirs of William Chesnut bought almost the entire tract in 1804. Soon afterward, Jacob moved to Rockcastle County, Settling on Round stone Creek, where he is listed as head of a family in the 1810 census. In 1818, with his widowed mother and brothers John and Benjamin, Jacob moved to Lawrence County, Indiana with their families. Abraham son of Jacob Chesnut, however stayed in Rockcastle County, having married Charlotte Somers Hiatt, daughter of pioneer William Peaslie Hiatt. They raised a family of seven, including three ministers, Reverend James Monroe Reverend Benjamin and Reverend Abraham. their Children were William Peaslie, who married Amezetta Jones; Lucy who married Jonathan Newcomb; Bennett who accidentally shot himself when 19; and Mary Ann who married Captain R.L. Myers. The Chesnut name was further increased in Rockcastle County by William Peaslie Chesnut and his wife , the former Amezetta Jones. Their Children were; Charlotte, 1838, who married James F. Butner; Cynthia, 1840, Lucy J., 1849, who married J.C. Carter; Samuel, 1845, who married Celia B. Wilson; Mary Ann, 1847, who The descendants of the Rockcastle Branch of the Chesnut Family have been substantial citizens. Best remembered , perhaps, have, been the three brothers previously mentioned, who were ordained ministers, and Dr. Lee Chesnut, for many years an outstanding physician of Mt. Vernon Kentucky. In neighboring Laurel County a more numerous branch has gained prominence in social and political affairs of their community.
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